In Norway, effect based tariffs are emerging and will be implemented during the next 2-3 years. This combined with the highest electric vehicle (EV) density in Europe, makes so-called vehicle-to-home (V2H) relevant, as the economic incentives for end-customers are getting a considerable boost.

For this to happen, we need solutions to enable bidirectional management of customer loads. The load with the most potential and value is the battery (EV or fixed), as it can enable a two-way flow of electricity and increase the supply security to households. In addition, thermal loads like electrically heated water boilers will also be tested.

In this context, the distribution system operator (DSO) will be able to postpone grid investments, and end users can save money if they can avoid high loads in the high tariff periods, a typical win-win situation. Lyse Elnett has started to implement one of Europe’s most advanced four-quadrant automatic meter installations exploiting a generic gateway to collect real-time data. This rollout passed 50.000 installations in 2016 (Q1), including the whole Triangulum large-scale test bed area in Stavanger.

The Integrated INVADE platform will meet existing energy solutions in the European and international market. It will be crucial to demonstrate how existing smart energy solutions can be interoperable with the INVADE architecture and platforms. This represents a significant value increase to the INVADE project, as it is unlikely that early mover DSOs which have already started their smart grid and service rollout are willing to replace these investments.

Pilot description

We will demonstrate how big data, machine learning and analytics parts of the INVADE platform can be integrated into the existing smart home solutions demonstrated in the Triangulum Smart City solutions in Stavanger with respect to V2H, batteries and boilers. This will provide both the DSO and the end-customers with information, feedback and interaction to promote behavioural change, as well as enable them to use energy efficient solutions and to exploit new opportunities arising in the EV/battery/second-life battery domain.

Equally important are the following three elements in this pilot:

  1. The regulatory regime unleashing the effect-based tariffs (expected launched in the 2018-2020 period).
  2. The customer behaviour analysis.
  3. The deployment of all the above factors into a common business model (ref. close collaboration with WP9)

The stakeholders involved in this pilot are Lyse Elnett (DSO responsible for the distribution network & grid, effect tariffs, large-scale load shifting and customer management), Lyse R&D & Innovation (responsible for customer surveys, prototyping and business plan work), EV vendor with V2H functions, and the end-users.

The Stavanger pilot brings added value through the following special features:

  • Having Europe’s highest EV penetration, and exploiting the pilot customer base in the Triangulum project, recruiting of EV end-users is feasible.
  • Being one of Europe’s first countries to introduce effect-based tariffs, this makes the V2H highly relevant with respect to economy and business models.
  • Demonstrating how the new INVADE platform can integrate with existing industrial smart ICT platforms gives the project high industrial relevance, which will be demonstrated in the Stavanger pilot.
  • Bringing in a strong end-user perspective in the pilot will result in business plans applicable to market.
  • Using the same large-scale pilot area as Triangulum project (SCC) will create synergies between projects.
  • Being one of Europe’s most advanced energy companies with respect to applying new digital business models and services, these elements will be incorporated and thus further improve and differentiate this pilot.

The pilot will have a great impact on both national and European level, due to its strong focus on combining technology, digitalisation, end-user focus, regulation and business models.

The five pilot sites are located in:

Norway (Stavanger)

Norway has the highest electric vehicle (EV) density in Europe and the economic incentives for end-customers are getting a considerable boost.

Germany (Freiburg)

The German pilot focus on both, building up one centralised energy storage device as well as examining new business models for distributed energy storages.

Spain (Granollers)

The Spanish use case aims at demonstrating that a storage system shared with other users, is a safe, reliable and emission-free alternative, which will cover a gap of two hours without using a genset and thus no emissions.

The Netherlands (Noord-Brabant)

The Dutch pilot will cover three domains and two different approaches to charging electric vehicles on renewable energy.

Bulgaria (Albena)

In Bulgaria, centralised electrical energy storage will be installed at a transformer substation that supplies two hotels, including restaurants, a spa centre and swimming pools.